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Why Scientists are also watching YouTube videos of animals.

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What do Asian elephants, peacock spiders, Asian elephants, and Snowball’s cockatoo share in common?

Everyone is a star in online videos that have amassed hundreds of millions of views. The behavior recorded in the videos is to be significant scientifically.

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Sanjeeta Sharma Pokharel and Nachiketha Sharma, both of The Indian Institute of Science, have devoted their latest research to conclusions derived from YouTube videos about the elephants’ reaction to the death of a mate.

“In three years of intensive fieldwork, I’ve only witnessed one case of the death of an elephant,” said Sanjeeta. “It’s so rare – but almost everyone has a camera nowadays.” Searching for keywords such as “death of elephants” and “elephant reactions to death,” They found 24 instances of animals interfering with the bodies of others.

The elephants were seen touching a dead family member by their trunks or trying to revive them with kicks. They even gathered in a vigil-like manner near the remains. “We also heard vocalizations – low rumbling sounds – that I haven’t heard before,” said Nachiketha. ‘

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“The most striking thing for me was calf carrying,” he added. “They’ll sometimes pick up a dead calf with their trunk and drag it. There have even been cases of a female elephant using tusks to carry her dead calf.”

The way to describe this as the equivalent of grieving or mourning is a challenge to say, said Sanjeeta. Their apparent fascination with death shows how these animals think – and how smart they are. This also indicates the existence of sporadic demonstrations of intelligence from animals in the seemingly endless YouTube library.

It’s unnecessary to become an animal researcher to escape into the rabbit hole of animal videos. However, scientists are increasingly tapping into this publicly accessible video data source. Scientists are drawing their insights from various unlikely – and humorous online videos.

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“My favorite is a crow using what looks like a plastic lid as a snowboard on a roof,” said Prof Ximena Nelson of the University of Canterbury in New Zealand.

The video Ximena mentions was reportedly shot through the windows of a structure in the Russian town. The crow sits on the lid of a jar and slides down the snowy roof. It then returns to the top and repeats the process. It seems to be having amusement.

“It’s playing, but it’s also innovating in that it’s using a tool,” says Ximena. “So here, you have an instance of tool use for fun. I think that says a lot about how smart that crow is and that it’s capable of innovating in a very unusual scenario.”

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The Ximena team pointed out that thousands of researchers who spend all day in the field looking for evidence of crows observe such behavior and, if they do, record it.

“Animals playing” – with other species or bizarre objects is a cult online video genre.

While it may be fun to be watched, this entertainment isn’t the only way to learn about the role of play that is, in reality, an enigma in biology. It has no apparent purpose. According to Ximena, “it’s not going to provide you with food or babies, at least not directly.”

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Science is under lockdown.

YouTube and other video platforms can be a great source of information researchers have also accessed during the past two years in lockdowns.

“One of my students, for example – looking for instances of play in animals that haven’t been described before – went down this exact rabbit hole [during the pandemic],” said Ximena. “They said, well, I can’t collect data in the field right now, so I’ll collect it from YouTube.”

There’s more footage available to study the different kinds of furry species of feathers. Some fewer people upload footage of insects and other invertebrates. (Although peacocks dancing seems to be a separate category.) It’s beneficial by providing access to locations that are difficult, as well as to species that are difficult to study.

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Videos uploaded by wealthy and lucky wildlife travelers who come across wildlife in Antarctica are prime examples.

“They might film sequences of predatory behavior in orca, perhaps a rare behavior,” says Ximena. “You need to Lukasz Dylewski from The Poznan Institute of Life Science in Poland utilized YouTube to look for evidence of the traits that characterize the personalities of grey and red squirrels. His research, proving gray squirrels had more aggression than red squirrels, also confirmed that the footage accurately reflected the behavior observed by scientists in the wild.

“It’s a novel approach to behavioral studies that can save researchers time,” Lukasz said. Lukasz, “we can increase the sample sizes – or the number of animals we study, and [more easily] study species’ behavior from other continents.”

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Only one animal is needed to conduct the research investigation in certain instances. e in the right place at the right time, and what are the odds of scientists getting to the right spot and at a considerable cost?”

However, the animal stars in these films aren’t always easy to find and are not.

Snowball, the cockatoo who dances one of the most talked-about online phenomena that inspired his study at Harvard. It discovered that it’s not only people who love music that has the beat.

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In a paper published in Current Biology in 2019, researchers reported that Snowball “responds to music with remarkably diverse spontaneous movements employing a variety of body parts, suggesting parrots share this response with humans.”

Beyond the scientific benefits that these video clips offer, according to Sanjeeta, she believes there could be an effect of creating a feeling of being more connected to the natural world and other species.

“Personally, when I see elephants, I see emotion. I see that they might be grieving,” says Sanjeeta. “But obviously, my science requires more proof.

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“But when people feel connected to these animals and feel emotional, hopefully, that can help elephant conservation.”

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Animals

Stag Beetle: The World’s Most Expensive Insect that Can Make You a Millionaire Overnight

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stage beetle

Stag Beetle: The World’s Most Expensive Insect that Can Make You a Millionaire Overnight

Pets are an integral part of many families around the globe. People love pets and will spend thousands of rupees to care for them.

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  • Why would someone keep insects and spend so much money on them? We have presently shown you some of the very wealthy Pets in history. Today we will discuss the Stag Beetle, whose high price means you can afford a luxurious car or a lavish home.

Table of Contents

  • Millionaire Stag Beetle?
  • Why is the Stag Beetle so costly?
  • Stag Beetle won’t eat food.
  • Stag Beetles’ natural habitat
  • Fun facts about Stag Beetles
  • Stag Beetle is associated with God Of Thunder
  • Stage beetles live for a long time
  • The stage beetles can be quite harmless but cannot be trusted.
  • Stag beetles are great for wood, gardens, and parks.
  • How to save the declining population of Stag Beetles

Stag Beetle Millionaire ?

Stag Beetle

Although many dislike insects, many will compete to be the first to obtain them. This insect can be a multi-millionaire in a matter of hours. The stag beetle is the most valuable insect in the world. The beetle measures only 2 to 3 inches and is considered the rarest, most unusual and smallest species on Earth.

Why is the Stag Beetle so costly?

While it is true that most people don’t spend much on small insects, many people will spend thousands on rare beetles. There are approximately 1,200 species in the family Lucanidae of Stag beetles. They currently belong to four subfamilies.

Because of its unique and unusual species, this worm measures 5 cm (2 inches) in length. Its main feature is the horns that emerge from its blackhead. Its average height is between 2 to 4.8 inches. A Japanese breeder had his Stag Beetle sold for $89,000, or approximately Rs.65 lakh, a few years back. People are willing to pay crores of rupees.

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Stag Beetles don’t like food.

The National History Museum says that adult stag beetles do not eat but drink sweet fluids like tree sap or liquid from decaying fruit. They rely heavily on the energy stored as larvae. The larvae of the stag beetle eat dead wood and use their sharp jaws to cut through the fibrous material to make splinters. White rot wood is a favourite because it aids in decomposition. The larvae can also be found in wood infected with fungi or other organisms.

Stag Beetles’ natural habitat

These insects live in woodland but can also be found in urban areas such as parks, orchards, and traditional orchards.

Fun facts about Stag Beetles

This rare beetle is a favourite pet of many people. This beetle is the largest on Earth, measuring up to 8.5 cm. This insect is also believed to be used to manufacture many medicines. These insects have a shiny black head and thorax, and their wing cases are dark brown. The large jaws of male Stag Beetles look somewhat like deer antlers. Although females have smaller mouths than males, their jaws are much stronger and frequently seen looking for places to lay eggs.

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During mating season, male Stag Beetles use their antlers to wrestle with other males. They grab one another, and the winner knocks the loser to the floor.

Stag Beetle is associated with God Of Thunder.

According to British folklore, Stag Beetles summon thunder and lightning storms. This scared medieval peasants, who believed they also flew around with hot coals in their jaws, setting fires to buildings.

It was believed that this species was linked to Thor, God of Thunder and that if it were placed on your head, it would protect you against lightning strikes.

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The life expectancy of Stage beetles

Stag beetles can live for only a few more weeks after emerging as adults. They are more comfortable in warm places, as they often die during winter. These insects can survive in cold areas and thrive in warm places such as compost heaps. The breathing pattern of the stag beetle is seven years, from egg to adult.

They live underground as larvae for most of their lives and only emerge in the summer to find a partner and reproduce. The larvae of stag beetles are very harmless.

They stay underground until temperatures reach a consistent level. When the ground is soft, they usually burrow to the surface.

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Although stage beetles can be quite harmless, they cannot be trusted.

Although stag beetles can be harmless, the jaws of males can cause serious pain if encouraged. Although the females have stronger jaws and can bite, they are not aggressive.

Stag beetles are great for wood, gardens, and parks.

The ‘Stag beetles play a vital role in recycling, breaking down and returning nutrients to the soil. Many smaller insects and fungi are dependent on their activities, particularly the wood-burrowing activity. They are also food for birds. Max Barclay is the Senior Curator of the Museum’s beetle collections.

How to save the declining population of Stag Beetles

The stag beetle population is declining. If you want to stop habitat destruction and deforestation, then provide dead wood in your garden. It will not only be a nursery for stag beetles but will also provide a habitat for various other insects. Avoid using mulch or polythene, as new beetles could become trapped and eventually die.

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Stag beetles can be easily run over by cars in urban areas. Moving it to safer spots in nearby vegetation is best if you see this uncommon insect on pavements or roads.

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Animals

10 Huge Problems Animals Should Have But Don’t

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1 Lungfish Out of Water

Fish that do not drink water are dead; however, the lungfish is an old animal that dates back to about 400 million years with a highly developed respiration system that allows it to endure without water for a long time. The lungfish is a lungfish with gills. They take oxygen in the air, just like land animals. Therefore, the lungfish have an instinctual strategy plan during the sun-drenched dry, dry season that is not rainy, when other fish flounder around in muddy demise while their ponds and streams go away. They deep-dwell themselves by squeezing mud through their mouths, then press it out of their gills. When they’re at the correct depth, they enlarge their bodies a long way to keep their mouths on top of their bodies to breathe. They are shielded from predators and other elements as they wait for the rain to return to their watery homes. Lungfish make a protective cocoon the underground due to the mucus that hardens and hardens their skin releases, leaving their mouths unprotected for breathing. For as long as four years, they go into hibernation, living on the energy stored in the muscles of their tails.

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2 Chopped Planarians

Cutting and dicing usually can cause a gruesome death; however, it’s not the case for the planarian. This flatworm from the ocean can be chipped into pieces as prominent scientists would like and for each of them to grow into worms that are entirely new in just one week. Their bodies comprise 20 percent pluripotent stem cells, which, in addition to their simplicity, establish the principles of regeneration within the animal kingdom. Amazingly, just half of a planarian could regenerate into a fully-sized body, with stem cells growing into all tissues and cells required by a partial planarian, making them valuable subjects for scientific research.

3 Rooster Deafness

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A rooster’s crows are incredibly loud enough to wake the entire farm with noises of more than 100 decibels. This is close to the volume of the sound of a chainsaw. Workers who use chainsaws with no ear protection can become deaf because the sound destroys the hair cells in their ears. Roosters, however, crow to their hearts’ delight each day, leaving scientists baffled about how the ear hairs of chickens aren’t damaged by hearing loss. Analyzing the birds’ skulls, scientists found that a soft sound-absorbing layer was affixed to half the bird’s eardrum. In addition, they found that material completely covered an inner ear canal when it tilted its head back towards crows–their natural earplugs. Furthermore, birds can regenerate hair cells in the cochlear ear, not found in mammals.

4 Kingsnake Snake Hunting

The rattlesnake, cottonmouth, and copperhead are terrifying names for the venomous North American snakes. Their bites can be fatal to human beings, and one would expect that any animal that hunts their prey must be incredibly skilled to keep their claws out of their mouths and kill them swiftly. But the kingsnake doesn’t care if bitten with their lethal injections. Kingsnakes are born resistant to all their venoms, with natural enzymes that break down the toxic chemicals before they can do their work. Kingsnakes can reach 1.8 meters (6 feet) and are nonvenomous snakes that kill by constriction, quickly proving their unique ability to kill and eat other snakes in their area.

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5 Meerkat Sun Glare

Despite its cute dog-like nose, the meerkat’s vision is its most powerful sense, and it’s so that meerkats only get active when the sun is out. They’re not even out of their caves in the event of a cloudy day. Therefore meerkats have to focus on the skies to spot the hawks and eagles. To achieve this, they need to focus their eyes on the sun for the sharpest view, which could cause painful, temporary blindness for most animals. Dark zones surrounding their eyes that function like the black eye grease that athletes wear can minimize the sun’s glare, allowing meerkats to see further and clear due to their well-developed eyesight. This means they can spot flying predators in bright sunshine. They have a broad field of view thanks to their large, horizontal eyes, which means they don’t spend time turning their heads to look for danger.

6 Black Widow Sibling Cannibalism

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Females who are black widows are famous for their poor reputation for creating themselves, widows. However, they have children who play nicely, unlike most spiderlings. Contrary to most spider mothers who lay their children randomly and let the larger babies first be eaten by their smaller siblings, The black widow expertly timed its eggs so that they could get all hatch at the same time and development. Without taking care to time the egg hatching, the young spiders could kill each other to feed and compete. However, with the exact dimensions and power, they do not want to fight in a battle they don’t know if they’ll win; therefore, the babies of the black widow can live with one another.

7 Freezing Wood Frogs

In winter, the temperature in Alaska and Canada can plummet to -62 degrees Celsius (-80 degF) in cold, extended temperatures. Frogs can endure diving underwater to sleep in the cold, and their body temperatures never fall below the temperature of freezing. However, wood frogs have a superior method of survival. They cover themselves with leaves on the forest floor for some protection, but that does not protect their bodies from the freezing temperature of the north. They are freezing, disregarding the risk of severe body injuries caused by frozen blood and cells even though they appear dead in the freezer. However, the wood frog allows an accumulation of ice on the exterior of its cells and organs and organs. Its liver produces an enormous amount of glucose, which is absorbed into every cell in the body. It bonds to water molecules and stops deadly internal freezing. Since they’re already on the land, getting a head start on their lives when spring starts to warm their bodies, while underwater frogs have yet to warm up.

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8 Burning Echidnas

Echidnas are lively Australian animals that are relatively slow. The animals cannot stay clear of the hot continent’s raging bushfires. But they don’t have to since they have a far superior method of surviving fires than trying to survive. Echidnas can dig their bodies into the excellent, dark soil before entering into a state of inactivity, which reduces body temperature and metabolism. While they sleep in the sun, the blaze above could cause the spines on their backs to melt due to the burning heat, transforming them into sharp nubs. Even though the spikes could be burning hot, the echidna does not feel the keratin that isn’t nerve-free and may even grow again after. The echidna, oblivious, continues falling asleep to the blaze rising above before awakening after the event is over. They may then return after a few days to hunt to find food.

9 Naked Mole Rat Suffocation

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Mole rats naked are renowned for their baggy, bare skin and intricate tunnels. Digging in depth is a possibility of dying because oxygen levels can drop drastically due to an overcrowded environment or the absence of air circulation. Yet, they can last for more than twenty minutes without breathing, even if mice die within about 20 seconds. Unlike most mammals, the naked mole rat’s brain cells do not break or suffer damage from oxygen lack. The body’s cells slow down to conserve energy during the vegetative state, and then its metabolism transforms like a plant. Glucose metabolism is dependent on oxygen. However, fructose can also be converted into energy via an anaerobic process. The process of metabolizing fructose was believed by scientists to only be found in plants, but it is not the case anymore, thanks to this tiny mammal.

10 Woodpecker Brain Damage

The bullet-like, classic pecking action of the woodpecker is ideal for slicing holes into trees for nests and roosts to settle within and quickly find and pick out tasty insects and their hidden eggs in the bark. It’s hard to believe that the head hammering that can be around 20 to per second and at speeds up to 24kph (15 mph) would not cause horrific concussions, and if they did, total brain damage due to all the intense physical stress. However, woodpeckers are designed to withstand the pounding force and have tiny brains weighing only 2 milligrams (0.07 pounds). It’s small enough that it cannot absorb all impact force dispersed throughout a highly dense and shock-absorbing skull. They also have a specific bone called the hyoid bone that wraps around their heads as an e-seat belt for their brain. The woodpecker’s safety is so excellent that sports equipment manufacturers have even designed helmets and neck collars off the shape of its head.

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The animals that have an eye for art

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Beauty appreciation is one of the characteristics that makes us human. However, some animals seem to also be able to.

The year was 1879. Spanish gentleman of the aristocracy and archaeologist amateur Marcelino Sanz de Sautuloa and his daughter Maria embarked on a journey to discover an underground cave close to their family’s home in Cantabria. As De Sautulola scurried across the floor searching for ancient artifacts, Maria wandered off deeper into the cave. Then she came across the ceiling, which was covered with numerous paintings. The paintings were of aurochs, a long-extinct species of the ox. They were drawn by the Magdalenian between 14-820 and 13130 years ago.

In the early days, researchers were amazed that the earliest humans could be capable of creating art; however, the origins of art go far further back than that. Art is pre-dated on the appearance of Homo sapiens in general.

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Five thousand years ago, the Neanderthal created patterns on the bones of deer inside a cave in Germany. The carving was made about a thousand years before Homo sapiens came to Europe. In the meantime, 500,000 years ago, Homo erectus, a more primitive human species, made abstract zig-zag lines onto the shell of a sea creature in Java.

These results challenge the idea that art is a unique origin of Homo sapiens. However, it’s not that shocking that other humans have creative urges. We know that other hominins created and utilized tools and even put their dead to rest.

It might surprise you to discover that other animals from the animal kingdom are amazed by their beauty and artistic talent.

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In 2005, a collection of three works by a chimp called Congo were auctioned off for P14,400 ($18,122). Congo began his life in the year 1954 at London Zoo, and while there, he caught the interest of a British scientist also known as Desmond Morris. Morris gave the chimp pencil and a card and was astonished by the drawings he created. Congo has created over 400 pictures in his entire life, some using pencils and others using paint.

Although his work was abstract – he didn’t paint specific images like landscapes or portraits – the way he worked was with intent, and if his work or brushes were removed, He screamed until they were returned to him. If he believed the work was completed, it would be difficult to change his position. In addition, he moved from scribbly lines and painted splotches to more thoughtful compositions throughout the years. It is said that Picasso had the work of Congo and displayed it within his studio.

The early human cave paintings found in places such as Altamira in Spain showed a desire to create art has predated civilisation (Credit: VCG Wilson/Corbis via Getty Images)

But how do we know which drawings drawn by Congo are genuinely artistic? Elephants kept in captivity are trained to make artworks; however, they show no desire to draw the beauty of flowers or simply still-life in the wild. Are chimps finding any meaning or purpose in putting pen to paper?

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To know if animals can produce art or appreciate it the same way, we must understand what art is. But the definitions of art vary greatly.

The Oxford English Dictionary defines it more in terms of ability:

“The application of skill to the arts of imitation and design, painting, engraving, sculpture, architecture; and the skillful production of the beautiful in visible forms.”

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The Collins English Dictionary emphasizes the motive behind its creation:

“Paintings, sculpture, and other pictures or objects created for people to look at and admire or think deeply about.”

The sculptures can take up to nine days to create

Many species of animals create intricate structures; however, the majority of this output has a practical than aesthetic motive. Spiders create complex webs that appear beautiful to the human eye; however, they are used as traps for flies to the spiders. Architects looking for a creative design need only look at more than the beautiful honeycomb’s symmetry, and bees use it to keep their larvae and stores of pollen and honey.

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There are, however, species that produce beautiful objects without any apparent purpose.

The year 1995 was when divers in the waters of Japan observed a collection of bizarre geometric patterns that were created on the ocean floor. The “underwater crop circles,” as they were dubbed, were as wide as 2 meters (6.6ft) in length and were a mystery for more than two decades.

In the year 2011 discovered, the culprit was a new species of Pufferfish called Torquigener. Male Pufferfish carefully create circles by flapping their fins and swimming across the ocean floor. Then, he collects fine sand to give the design a more vibrant appearance and add color. In the end, he paints the valleys and ridges of the circles with pieces of seashells.

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Congo's paintings showed some animals not only liked creating art, but had a sense when projects were finished (Credit: Ron Burton/Keystone/Getty Images)

The sculptures can take as long as nine days to build When they’re finished; females visit to examine them. If they are pleased with the design, females will lay eggs in the middle of the circle to allow males to fertilize.

As of now, no practical or adaptive function for the circles has been identified, suggesting the aesthetic appeal of geometric forms may attract females.

As it turns out, Pufferfish isn’t the only animal to make interesting sculptures.

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In 1872 the explore  Odoardo Beccari was one of the first European to scale the Vogelkop mountains in New Guinea and meet members of the Arfak tribe. In the mountains, he spotted an array of exquisitely decorated houses in the forest that were believed to be created by the villager. The huts were surrounded by a garden adorned with moss, and more than 100 colorful objects, such as fresh flowers, fruits in the form of mushrooms, beetle skeletons, and beetles.

Certain species of bower bird may even have their bows painted with crushed fruits.

The stunning houses were not constructed by humans and were built by an animal – The Vogelkop Garden Bowerbird, to be exact. Since then, more than twenty different species of bowerbirds have been identified throughout Australia, New Guinea, and the surrounding islands.

In all instances, females construct stunningly decorated structures, also known as bowers, to attract females. The pavilions are long avenues of thickly thatched sticks woven together using moss. The roads are open to more extensive flat areas or courts decorated with acorns, shells, fresh fruit, flowers, and butterfly wings. Bowers located close to human settlements can be decorated with car keys or toothbrushes, bottle tops, spectacles, and false teeth. Certain species of bower birds may even paint their bowers with charcoal, crushed fruit, or even laundry powder taken from the nearby human habitats.

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The women look at the bows before picking their favorite; however, what exactly are they searching for?

“One aspect is the shape and size of the avenue and the number of ornaments and the visual contrast between them,” says John Endler, evolutionary biologist and professor emeritus at Deakin University in Australia.

Bowerbirds with dull plumage tend to build more impressive collections, studies suggest (Credit: Samuel Moore/Getty Images)

The geometric patterns common to all avenues can also produce an optical illusion called forced perspective. It could be used to attract female attention.

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“The male also performs a visual display where he moves colorful objects quickly across the female’s visual field, so they see it quickly, and then it disappears,” Endler says. Endler.

“These interesting visual effects serve to attract and hold the female’s attention.”

Does this mean that bowerbirds are beautiful? Sense?

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Different bowerbirds indeed possess their preferences and preferences about colors and materials. Each piece is placed carefully and with preciseness, and if objects are moved, birds return them to their original location. The younger birds discover how to construct attractive bows by trial and error or through watching older birds. Bowerbirds also invest significant time and energy in creating their bubbles and protecting them from males.

Appreciating art

The list of creatures that produce art is limited; there are species that, it can be said, appear to enjoy the beauty.

The year 1995 saw a group of psychologists headed by Shigeru Watanabe, a professor of psychology at Keio University in Tokyo, demonstrate that pigeons can be trained to distinguish Claude Monet’s artworks from Pablo Picasso’s.

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If given the option when given the opportunity, individuals Java sparrows would rather spend their time perched in the vicinity of specific paintings.

Further research revealed that koi fish are adept at discerning blues singers John Lee Hooker from Johann Sebastian Bach. Goldfish are also able to discern the music of Bach or Igor Stravinsky.

This is merely a demonstration that animals can distinguish artworks. This doesn’t mean that they are enthused or get pleasure from them.

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However, a different study conducted by Watanabe suggested that birds may get pleasure from the artwork. He discovered that Java sparrows are more likely to sit in a specific area near artworks when presented with the option. Seven of the seven birds showed a preference for Cubist painting over impressionist art. Three of them appeared to favor Japanese artworks over Impressionist ones.

“As we can’t ask animals whether they enjoy or find pleasure in art, in experimental psychology, we look at a property called reinforcement instead,” says Watanabe.

“If an animal does something to see art or to hear music, then that art and music must have reinforcing properties.”

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Peacock's tails may seem cumbersome, but they play a vital part in mating rituals (Credit: Georgette Douwma/Getty Images)

“Many birds, mammals, and even fish can discriminate between different paintings or pieces of music, but few find them reinforcing.”

Monkeys might be part of that group. Humans tend to favor regular patterns over random ones, which is why it’s been discovered that some species of monkeys do too. In 1957, German bioscientist Bernhard Rensch presented capuchin monkeys with small pieces of cardboard with symmetrical patterns like parallel lines, concentric squares, and “irregular patterns of similar black and white content.” In hundreds of experiments, the capuchin tended to pick the patterned cards. Rensch believed this was because monkeys had “certain basic aesthetic feelings.”

Another animal species that seem to be awed by aesthetics and beauty is the peacock. The peacock’s tail is ineffective for flying. It’s so big that it’s physically heavy that it is a burden to transport. Also, it is more likely to draw at the eye of prey. If a male hopes to win a mate, investing in expensive, vibrantly colored plumage is essential. Why? Because female peahens consider it sexually attractive. This strong preference is a crucial factor driving development in the peacock, which leads to more elaborate tail feathers as time passes.

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Male bowerbirds sporting the least ornamental plumage create the largest and most intricately decorated bower.

Yet this doesn’t solve the issue of the reason females are attracted to vibrantly colored objects or symmetrical geometric patterns. What evolutionary benefits can it bring?

One possibility is that monkeys, humans, and sparrows can be attracted to certain types of art simply because they are reminiscent of their natural environment or because they could provide protection and help them feel more secure.

“Our sparrows preferred Impressionist paintings to Cubists, so we can say they liked more natural paintings, but more research is needed to confirm this,” Watanabe says. Watanabe.

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The strongest and most fit bowerbirds can make the best bowers.

A different theory suggests that the brightness of spots of the peacock, or intricately colored bowers, may be a sign of strength and “good genes” in the male. Male bowerbirds devote a large amount of their time shielding their bowers from males and attempting to take ornaments and damage bowers of birds. A study revealed that from 100 pieces of blue glass placed inside the pavilion of subordinate males, 76 of them were taken to the pavilion of the more dominant male in less than a day. It suggests that the most powerful and most fit bowerbirds could make the finest bowers.

However, this isn’t necessarily the complete story.

“The other alternative hypothesis is that females of some species have an innate preference for high visual contrast and bright colors. The males have evolved to take advantage of this by building more elaborate bowers or investing in bright plumage,” Endler says. Endler.

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This is an original idea because it implies that it’s not only a matter of being the survivor of the strongest. This leaves us with the question of whether animals’ (particularly females’) admiration of beauty, art, and aesthetics is a significant driver of evolution?

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